Igniting the Ring of Fire: A Vision for Developing Indonesia’s Geothermal Power
Energy security, for Indonesia as a developing country, is one of the major challenges to conquer. For many decades, Indonesia has been highly dependent on the luxury of fossil fuel consumption for electricity. To maintain the level of economic growth and meet the demand of a growing population, energy demand is still constantly increasing albeit depleting resources.
Global pressure to fight climate change, for developed and developing countries, is becoming more difficult. Indonesia has voluntarily pledged to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by a minimum of 26% in 2020. Shifting from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources is one of the ways to fulfill this commitment.
The renewable energy pathway is not an option but a necessity for strengthening our energy security and sustainable development. Fortunately, Indonesia is not only rich with fossil fuels but also possesses an abundance of renewable energy sources. Indonesia currently has the biggest world potential of geothermal, with at least 28 Giga Watt potential for exploration while currently only 1.196 Giga Watt is utilized.
WWF’s Geothermal Ring of Fire program has an ambition to shift towards the use of renewable energy, particularly in the sustainable production and use of geothermal energy, in Indonesia and the Phillipines by 2015. We put our concern for transforming geothermal energy as a catalyst for our economy, community empowerment, biodiversity conservation and reduce greenhouse emmissions.
This report presents Indonesia’s challenges and opportunities to be the leader in developing sustainable geothermal options. WWF commits to work with the government, private sector and community to inspire best practices for sustainable geothermal development. We hope through publication of this book, we can contribute to stimulate the accelleration of geothermal utilization in Indonesia. We have choices to transform the world in a good way. Together, we can manage the challenges and create a sustainable future.