Penyelamatan Gajah Sumatra di Riau
The condition of Sumatra elephant habitat in Riau is currently becoming more fragmented because there had been many changes in land use. Human and elephant conflict (HEC) increases in its occurrence. The conflicts are not only damaging to the community but also threaten elephants' existence because the solution to such conflicts often tends to harm the elephants. The fact is now the population of wild elephants in the environment continues to decrease; furthermore there is also a suspicion on the threat of elephant poaching to get their ivory tusks.
|Evacuation of the dying wild elephant to center of elephant training Minas.
Â© WWF Indonesia - Miko Setiawan
Out of concern about the situation WWF Indonesia - Riau Elephant Conservation (WWFID - REC) in Riau devised a strategy for future elephant conservation. The strategy is about every activity executed to make the elephants live peacefully in their habitat. The scope of the strategy starts with (a) elephant habitat management; (b) minimizing human and elephant conflict and actions to handle incidents that harm elephants in their habitat; (c) elephant conservation center management. The strategy is a series of related and sustaining activities, as we cannot for instance focus our efforts only on habitat management or on how to minimize the conflict, but we also have to observe the management at Elephant Conservation Center.
|Trained elephant (flying squad), her duty is to minimize human - elephant conflict.
Â© WWF Indonesia - Dani Rahadian
Human Elephant Conflict mitigation measures must be conducted systematically not temporary. For that reason WWF Riau Elephant Conservation Program proposed 4 recommendations. First, the strategy should be designed as a long term effort such as Land Use change or buffer zone area management, and habitat management. Second, Handle the conflict directly in the field. Third, increase the community's knowledge on practical ways to handle conflicts in the field without hurting the elephants through training for the communities. Fourth, give compensation to human victims on certain conditions.
|Â© WWF Indonesia - Tesso Nilo|
The implementation of the above strategy is now focused on the proposed Tesso Nilo Conservation Area. In executing these activities WWF Riau Elephant Conservation Program works together with various stakeholders such as KSDA Riau or Riau Natural Resources Conservation office, Local government of Riau (represented by Dinas Kehutanan Provinsi Riau, or Forestry Service of Riau Province ) Local Government of related districts (represented by District Forestry Service), local communities and some companies operated in related districts.
Human Elephant Conflict Coordinator