Exploring the Inland Waters in Rimbang Baling and Lake Sentarum | WWF Indonesia

Exploring the Inland Waters in Rimbang Baling and Lake Sentarum



Posted on 13 January 2017   |  
© WWF-Indonesia/Achmad Mustofa
Author : Dita Larasati (Capture Fisheries Assistant)
Translated by: Ahmad Shadiqi
Beautiful weather and hills scenery accompanied us crossing the river to reach the research station that functions as the halfway house in Rimbang Baling Hill. Our arrival, WWF-Indonesia and the Sub-Directorate General Inland Waters - the Ministry of Marine and Fisheries (Subdit PUD – KKP), Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB), and Balai Penelitian Perikanan Perairan Umum (BPP3U/ Fishery in General Waters Research Agency) in Palembang on November 17th - 20th ,2016 aimed at observing whether the draft of Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) indicator for inland waters previously conducted is relevant to the field location. Rimbang Baling, Riau and Lake Sentarum, West Kalimantan are the appointed locations for observation. In Rimbang Baling we evaluated the waters of three villages in Sebayang River, Kampar Hilir Hulu District, Kampar Regency, Riau Province. They are MUaro Bio, Tanjung Belit, and Gemma. Before the the evaluation, we had already acquired the information about the field condition, target location and the stakeholders from the discussion in Universitas Riau with the local stakeholders. For us, this was a unique activity since we usually conduct research in the sea. With the help of involved experts we tried to do a research in inland waters, the river, lake, and swamp. The evaluation indicators of EAFM PUD consist of Fish resources, Habitat and Ecosystem, Fishing techniques, Social, Economy and Organizational aspects.

We reached the first visit, Muaro Bio Village, by boat. The water splash from the river became a special moment for us. On the way to the village some villagers passed by us. They also use boats as their daily transportation to do their routine like fishing, carrying the household needs etc. We can see a rope lying across the river as the border for the forbidden area. According to Bapak Mawarji, the Head of Muaro Bio Village, in each village along Sebayang River lie two forbidden area as the borderline so the villagers don’t go fishing until July or until the time agreed in the villagers discussion by ninik mamak (the elders), and the customary leaders. This tradition actually benefits the villagers since it can preserve the natural fish resources. However, unfortunately there is no legally written regulation concerning the capture fish size and the limitation of fishing tools allowed whenever the forbidden areas are open.

The next day, we continued the trip to Tanjung Belit Village to discuss with the fishermen. Most villagers of Rimbang Baling Hill are rubber farmers and occasional fishermen. The fishermen commonly use nets in fishing. They catch many kinds of fish such as kapiek (Puntius schwanepeldi), belida (Chitala lopis), baung (Mystus nemurus), and tapah (Wallago leeri). The variety of fish in this area is influenced by the fact that there no industrial operators in this location.

“There is still human-sized in the river inlet of Muaro Bio village,” said a fisherman in Tanjung Belit village when interviewed.

On the third day, we visited Gemma Village. Compared to the other villages, this village can be considered as the well-equipped village for household needs as it also has schools and markets. Most fishermen from other villages sell their catch in Gemma Village.

The first pilot testing shows that an adjustment in saving ratio (economy domain) is needed. This is because the fishing is not the main livelihood for the fishermen. Generally however, EAFM PUD indicators can be implemented for the river fishery.

After the activity in Rimbang Baling, the next event following the series was the consultant training for EAFM PUD evaluation in Lake Sentarum on December 16th 2016 in Pontianak. The training materials were delivered by IPB’s expert team, Mr. Mukhlis Kamal and Taryono Kodiran to the lecturer of Pliteknik Negri Pontianak, Mr. Jumaidi. Mr. Jumaidi and his team will be the one to conduct the evaluation in Lake Sentarum.  The test result for EAFM PUD evaluation in Lake Sentarum will be used by the team to append the draft of EAFM PUD indicators. When the series of event is completely conducted by the team of Politeknik negri Pontianak in the end of January, it will be followed a national level workshop to finish EAFM PUD matrix of evaluation. Furthermore, an educational training for the fishermen and the stakeholders is arranged to ensure that this fishery management can be understood and optimally executed.
© WWF-Indonesia/Achmad Mustofa Enlarge
© WWF-Indonesia/Achmad Mustofa Enlarge
© WWF-Indonesia/Achmad Mustofa Enlarge

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