Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam

In 1993, WWF Indonesia initiated conservation program in Aceh by supporting sustainable management of Leuser ecosystem area to promote community welfare management effort. In that time, WWF-Indonesia supported Gunung Leuser National Park conservation activities which are part of Leuser ecosystem area, and facilitated community natural resource management, in particularly Tapaktuan area, South Aceh.

In 1997, however, WWF Indonesia must stop its conservation program due to deteriorating political situation. The presence of national policy on decentralization and regional autonomy revised through Act No. 18 Year 2001 regarding Special Autonomy for Special Province of Aceh, has provided Aceh government bigger authority. In that time, there was almost no such community access and management as the result of economy driven provincial government policy. From that context, in February 2003, WWF-Indonesia reopened its conservation program in Aceh until now.

POLICY ADVOCACY
WWF-Indonesia Aceh Program is actively involved on supporting regional policy on conservation and community based sustainable natural resources management. In addition, policy advocacy activity is also done to post-tsunami rehabilitation and reconstruction process to ensure Aceh recovery effort is based on sustainable development.

In this activity, WWF-Indonesia studies nine qanuns or provincial regulations regarding natural resources management which among of them are forestry and conservation. Besides, there are two qanuns started to draft which plantation and spatial land use. WWF-Indonesia produces module and material regarding sustainable natural resources management in district and provincial level for local government and regional people representative board member as capacity building for legal composition.

POST TSUNAMI
After devastating earthquake and tsunami disaster in 2004, WWF-Indonesia conducted fast study as an initial stage on evaluating its program in Aceh to be aligned with sustainable reconstruction and rehabilitation efforts. This study delivered a Green Reconstruction Guidelines (GRG) for Aceh. The objective of the study is to increase community and individual living quality and to minimize negative impact from environment reconstruction and to maintain biodiversity and natural system productivity. This guideline also led to long-term and community supported reconstruction end result.

TIMBER FOR ACEH
Timber for Aceh (TFA) is an implementation of GRG for Aceh. This activity was conducted based on WWF-Indonesia concern on high demand of legal and sustainable woods for Aceh rehabilitation and reconstruction without adding long-term destruction on Indonesia’s exploited forests, including Aceh’s forests. To meet the demand, one of the alternatives is to support stakeholders to import woods from sustainable forests from abroad in form of donation. To 2007, TFA had imported more than 46,000 m3 of donation woods from abroad for temporary settlements under International Federation Red Cross temporary and permanent settlements program.

ILLEGAL LOGGING MONITORING
In illegal logging monitoring activity, WWF-Indonesia actively formed Advocacy for Aceh Forests with several environmental NGOs such as Flora Fauna International (FFI), Conservation International (CI), PeNA Foundation (Peduli Nanggroe Aceh), Mapayah (Masyarakat Penyayang Alam dan Lingkungan Hidup), JAKAD Leuser dan Econa. The group conducted advocacy to minimize illegal logging activities in protected natural forest with high conservation value, as well as land use change of wildlife corridor. In this working group, WWF-Indonesia facilitated capacity building for working group members and local NGO especially on investigation, journalistic, and photography.

After working for 2 years, the working group looked for other form which provide bigger opportunity to expand the network and advocacy efforts. On November 2007, Working Group of Advocacy for Aceh Forests changed its name and formed in to Advocacy Forum for Aceh Forest (FoNA).

HUMANITARIAN PARTNERSHIP
Considering the vast impact of tsunami to Aceh community livelihood and environment, WWF-Indonesia with American Red Cross actively involved in the effort of post tsunami sustainable reconstruction and rehabilitation through environment technical assisstance such as conducted Environmental Stewardship Training, Environmental Education and consultancy of environmental aspect to ARC partners. This partnership has given more lesson learned for Aceh Program to combine environment interest and community in harmony.

WATERSHED MANAGEMENT

Watershed has important function to keep ecological balance between upper and lower course. over extraction on natural resource will bring environment to more serious condition that led to community vulnerability to natural disasters in the future. Based on the thought, WWF with American Red Cross, Yayasan Pemerhati Dunia Hijau Inodnesia (PADHI) and related stakeholders in Aceh Jaya district started to establish Krueng Sabee watershed forum. We hope Krueng Sabee can be the best watershed management model in Aceh where there is an integrated upper and lower coarse that can ensure the sustainability of forest ecological function, water supply, wildlife, and to increase community income.

GREEN COAST
Aceh coastal area got the most serious impact of 2004 earthquake and tsunami. The earthquake did not only destroy physical facilities and emerge new poor communities, but also altered the area's ecology condition. In Green Coast program, WWF-Indonesia and Wetland International Indonesia Programme are conducting coastal ecosystem rehablitation through community economy empowerment approach which not only reinstate coastal ecosystem ecology condition as natural fortress, but also increase community alternative livelihood depends on coastal natural resources.

ENVIRONMENT BASED SHRIMP CULTIVATION PROGRAM

Aceh has been long known as the best P. monodon shrimp producer in Indonesia. The shrimp industry once was the most-wanted industry in 1990s, but then drastically decreased in 2000 followed by severe environmental destrcution. Tsunami and earthquake disaster destroyed most of cultivation area in eastern coast of Aceh which followed with great impact of local community livelihood, especially small scale shrimp farmers.

Since 2005, WWF Inodnesia has been developing Better Management Practice Guideline for shrimp farm in Aceh with NACA (The Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia Pacific) , ACIAR (Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research), IFC (The International Finance Corporation) and FAO (The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation). WWF Indonesia and NACA have done direct assistance in Pidie District for the implementation of environment based shrimp cultivation. The result, 2007 was the best harvest for the past 10 years. Farmers' commitments to not using antibiotic and to plant mangroves surround the cultivation area caused the increasing of environment quality by better water quality and land condition.