Ujung Kulon national Park

Jawa

Ujung Kulon in West Java was established as National park in 1992 mainly to protect the endangered rhino and banteng (wild bull). The park covers 120,551 ha and is a major site for the endangered species program of WWF-Indonesia. The park has a significant marine component and there exists an arguable link between fishing activities and rhino protection. With reducing income and catches caused by over-fishing and destruction of coastal habitats, coastal communities started to encroach into the protected forest area and converted original vegetation into agriculture land. This has reduced the habitat important for the endemic rhinos.

WWF has supported implementation of a surveillance and patrol system in the marine and coastal waters of the park to stop destructive fishing, thus aiming to support coastal communities in their continuing coastal livelihoods. Further, based on coral habitat monitoring results some coral rehabilitation efforts are underway.