Meningkatkan Produktivitas Kebun Melalui Sekolah Lapang Pertanian Berkelanjutan | WWF Indonesia

Meningkatkan Produktivitas Kebun Melalui Sekolah Lapang Pertanian Berkelanjutan



Posted on 12 December 2018   |  
Training of Trainer (ToT) Sekolah Lapang Pertanian Berkelanjutan.
Training of Trainer (ToT) Sekolah Lapang Pertanian Berkelanjutan.
© WWF-Indonesia
[BAHASA INDONESIA]
Sejak 2009, WWF-Indonesia telah mulai menyelenggarakan program Sekolah Lapang Pertanian Berkelanjutan yang terinspirasi dari konsep sekolah lapang UNFAO (United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization) yang telah terlebih dahulu dilakukan di Indonesia pada tahun 1989. Konsep sekolah lapang bagi petani tersebut telah ditiru dan dikembangkan, salah satunya di Provinsi Lampung dan yang hidup berdampingan dalam Kawasan Taman Nasional Bukit Barisan Selatan.

Program sekolah lapang pertanian berkelanjutan pada dasarnya bertujuan untuk memberikan pemahaman, keterampilan, dan motivasi untuk mengubah sikap petani agar mereka dapat mempraktikkan konsep pertanian yang berkelanjutan guna meningkatkan produktivitas lahan mereka. Para petani yang terlibat juga dapat berperan aktif menjadi fasilitator dan berbagi pemahaman kepada petani yang lain.

Dalam delapan tahun penyelenggaraannya, program ini telah sukses mengajak dan melibatkan sekitar 1977 petani yang berasal dari 24 desa di tiga kabupaten di Provinsi Lampung, yaitu Lampung Barat, Tanggamus, Pesisir Barat.

Melihat tingginya antusiasme para petani yang seiring dengan tingkat kesuksesan program, maka Toyota Motor Corporation melalui program “Living Asian Forest Project” telah berkomitmen untuk mendorong program sekolah lapang pertanian ini agar dapat meningkatkan keberlanjutan sumber daya alam dan komoditas yang dimiliki supaya ancaman deforestasi dan kepunahan spesies dapat berkurang.

Pogram “Living Asian Forest Project” yang telah dilaksanakan sejak 2016 di Kalimantan dan Sumatera yang salah satunya dilaksanakan di Taman Nasional Bukti Barisan Selatan ini juga bertujuan untuk mempercepat transisi global menuju keberlanjutan, mempromosikan konservasi keanekaragaman hayati, meningkatkan kesadartahuan tentang lingkungan, serta mempercepat perubahan menuju masyarakat bebas karbon.

Pada awal implementasi program, yakni pada September 2016 hingga Februari 2017, berbagai pelatihan sekolah lapang telah diadakan dan melibatkan sekitar 120 petani kopi dan beras di empat desa, yaitu Tugu Ratu, Tugu Papak, Sukajaya, dan Sukamaju. Setelah pelatihan tersebut, Training of Trainer (ToT) juga diberikan untuk menjaring potensial fasilitator/trainer dari berbagai desa yang akan bertugas meneruskan pengetahuan dan keterampilan yang sudah didapatkan kepada rekan petani lainnya.

Selama kegiatan ToT, para peserta akan diminta untuk berefleksi tentang masalah yang kerap dihadapi di kebun/sawah mereka, berbagi cerita bagaimana mereka mengatasi masalah tersebut, dan berdiskusi tentang efektivitas solusi yang sudah digunakan. Kemudian, para peserta dikenalkan dengan praktik budi daya tanaman yang sangat erat kaitannya dengan belajar tentang kondisi kesuburan tanah, jenis tanaman, hama dan penyakit. Selain itu, mereka juga akan diberikan keterampilan dalam membuat pupuk organik cair maupun kompos melalui pengembangan mikro organisme lokal sehingga mereka dapat mengurangi penggunaan pupuk kimia.

Lebih lanjut, para peserta juga belajar tentang pengembangan ternak kambing yang selama ini telah memberikan tambahan penghasilan bagi para petani. Pertanian berkelanjutan dan peternakan diharapkan menjadi program yang terintregasi dan mendukung satu sama lain, seperti pakan kambing dapat berasal dari tanaman pelindung kopi/lada dan kotoran kambing yang bisa dijadikan bahan pupuk kompos.

Salah satu bukti nyata bahwa sekolah lapang pertanian dapat meningkatkan produktivitas datang dari petani di Ulubelu yang sekarang mampu menghasilkan kopi sebanyak 1,5 ton kopi. Di sisi lain, petani di Suoh juga sudah mulai menanam beras organik yang harganya jauh lebih mahal dari beras non-organik sehingga penghasilan mereka pun turut bertambah.

Lebih lanjut, berdasarkan kunjungan yang dilakukan oleh WWF Jepang pada 20 Maret 2018 di Desa Trijaya, Desa Sukajaya, dan Desa Bukit Endah, banyak peserta maupun pemerintah daerah yang merasa kegiatan ini telah membawa dampak positif di kehidupan mereka. Beberapa contohnya adalah mereka sudah meninggalkan pupuk kimia dan beralih ke pupuk organik, tidak hanya menanam tanaman komoditas tetapi juga tanaman obat, menanam tanaman organik, berternak kambing dan paling penting menjadi fasilitator bagi rekan petani di desa lainnya sehingga program ini akan berjalan berkelanjutan dan mandiri.

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[ENGLISH]

Improving Productivity of Commodity through Sustainable Field Farmer School
 
Since 2009, WWF-Indonesia has started to organize Sustainable Field Farmer School program inspired by the concept of field farmer UNFAO (United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization) which has been first introduced in 1989 in Indonesia. The concept of field famer school has been imitated and developed in Lampung province do coexist in the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park.

The sustainable field farmer school program originally aims to provide understanding, skills and motivation to change farmers' attitudes and behaviours so that they can practice sustainable agricultural concepts to increase the productivity of their farm. The farmers involved can also play an active role as facilitators then they also can cascade their gained knowledge with other farmers. In the eight years of its implementation, this program has successfully engaged around 1,977 farmers from 24 villages on three districts in Lampung Province, such as; West Lampung, Tanggamus, Pesisir Barat.

Knowing the high entusiasism shown by farmer participants and added by the success of programme, Toyota Motor Corporation through global partnership "Living Asian Forest Project" has committed to supporting the sustainable field farmer school hence it can improve the sustainability of natural resources and commodities so that the threat of deforestation and extinction species can be reduced.

“Living Asian Forest Project” that has been implemented since 2016 in Kalimantan and Sumatra with one of them is held in Bukit Barisan Selatan Nasional Park. This program aims to accelerating the globe’s transition to sustainability, promoting biodiversity conservation, raising enviromental awareness of the environment, and accelerating the move toward a “zero carbon” society.

At the beginning of the program in September 2016 to February 2017, various field farmer school trainings were held and engaged around 120 coffee and rice farmers from four villages, such as; Tugu Ratu, Tugu Papak, Sukajaya, and Sukamaju. After the training, Training of Trainers (ToT) is also provided to capture the potential facilitators / trainers from different villages who will share their knowledge and skills that have been obtained to other farmers.

During the ToT activities, farmer participants will be asked to reflect on the problems they often encountered in their farm, sharing stories of how they resolve the issue, and discuss the the effectiveness of the solution that has been used. And then, the participants were introduced to best practice of crop cultivation which is closely associated with learning about the condition of soil fertility, plant species, pests and diseases. After that, they will also be given skills in making liquid organic fertilizer and compost through the development of local micro-organisms so that they can reduce the use of chemical fertilizers.

In addition, the farmer participants also learned about the development of goat’s livestock which have provided them with an additional income. Moreover, the combination of sustainable agriculture and livestock is expected to integrate and support each other. For instance, goat feedings can be derived from a coffee/pepper plant protector and goat manure that can be used as compost.

One tangible proof that sustainable field farmer schools can increase productivity comes from farmers in Ulubelu who are now able to produce 1.5 tons of coffee. On the other hand, farmers in Suoh have also started to plant organic rice, which is more expensive than non-organic rice, so their income also increases.

Furthermore, based on visits made by WWF Japan on March 20, 2018 in Trijaya Village, Sukajaya Village, and Bukit Endah Village, many participants and local governments told them that this activity had a positive impact on their lives. Some positive examples are, they have left chemical fertilizers and switched to organic fertilizer, they started to not only planting commodity crops but also medicinal plants, planting organic crops and raising goats. In addition, and most importantly, now many farmers have become a good facilitator for their fellow farmers in other villages so that the programe will last sustainably and independently.
 
 
Training of Trainer (ToT) Sekolah Lapang Pertanian Berkelanjutan.
Training of Trainer (ToT) Sekolah Lapang Pertanian Berkelanjutan.
© WWF-Indonesia Enlarge
Sekolah Lapang Pertanian Berkelanjutan.
Sekolah Lapang Pertanian Berkelanjutan.
© WWF-Indonesia Enlarge
Sekolah Lapang Pertanian Berkelanjutan.
Sekolah Lapang Pertanian Berkelanjutan.
© WWF-Indonesia Enlarge
Kegiatan Sekolah Lapang Kopi sedang Berdiskusi Tentang Hasil Pengamatan Mingguan di Desa Suka Maju, Lampung
© WWF-Indonesia/Dazul Enlarge
Sekolah Lapang Pertanian Berkelanjutan.
Sekolah Lapang Pertanian Berkelanjutan.
© WWF-Indonesia Enlarge

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