Indonesia tropical forest is home and the last sanctuary for one of the world’s richest biodiversity. It is home to 12 percent of world’s mammals, 7.3 percent reptile and amphibian, 17 percent of bird species as well as numerous species of palm grow in its forest. The forest still holds mysteries of species yet to be identified.
From 1994 – 2007 WWF has discovered 400 new species in Borneo Island, marking Indonesia’s biodiversity as one of the richest in the world. Indonesian Forest provides insurmountable water resources supporting millions of life and also serves as massive carbon storage. Based on FAO’s 2010 data, world forest—including Indonesia’s—stored 289 gigatonnes of carbon, making it significant to global climate stability.
Unfortunately forest degradation has become a serious problem in Indonesia. Based on Ministry of Forestry data, at least 1.1 million hectare or 2% of Indonesian forest lost each year. From a total 130 million hectare forest left in Indonesia, 42 million of it has been cleared.
Major threats to Indonesia’s natural forest are illegal logging, conversion, fire and unsustainable forest exploitation for settlements or industry and encroachment. Disruption in forest function results in instability of forest ecosystem. Increasing human – wildlife conflict is the consequence. Limited and fragmented habitat has pushed animals to roam and search for food within human proximities—resulting in calamities for both sides.