Six Top Achievements in BBS Conservation Project
- Human Elephant Conflict Mitigation In December 2007, alongside with the stakeholders we are able to relocate 4 remaining elephants in Sekincau area inside Bukit Barisan Selatan (BBS) National Park. Comprehensive data are available, including movie on the elephants before and during the relocation process. Unfortunately, we do not have sufficient data on the elephants’ condition after the relocation. Information on how they adapt with native elephants and their new habitat will be an important lesson for future elephant conservation project.
- Patroli Bersama Masyarakat We have conducted Joint Community Patrol (JCP) with BBS National Park authority since 2004. The purposes of such joint effort are to increase capacity and intensity of BBS National Park law enforcement operation, with the help of local communities. The outcome of the community patrol are the decrease rate of encroachment, punishment given to illegal loggers and poachers, as well as improvement on BBS authority’s data base to help future management practice. It is projected by 2013, the rate of new encroachments in BBSNP reduced by 70% (from data in 2006), and at minimum 50% of encroached area (old encroachment from data in 2006) has been left and at least 25% of this abandoned area has been restored. Areal patrol and monitoring effort must be conducted on regular basis, due to constant threat to the national park.
- Propose Bengkunat Conservation Area Bengkunat is the remaining extensive forest area bordering to the BBS National Park. A third of key species population (rhino, tiger and elephant) in BBS National Park, inhabit this area. We are encouraging Regency Government to protect this remaining forest. We are also advocating the establishment of local regulation for protection and sustainable management as well as endorsing solution for local community occupying this forest area.
- Road Management There are nine roads bypassing BBS National Park, four of them has granted permit from Minister of Forestry and three of them are in a good condition and intensively utilized. Most of the roads cause negative impact to BBS National Park such as encroachment. The Minister of Forestry-approved Sanggi-Bengkunat road is the only road that causes less encroachment impact. But still this road initiates negative impact for species movement. We are now providing information and raising awareness on this issue. Next step is campaigning on the importance of finding solution that will minimize the negative impacts of the road. On the national level, we are encouraging the Ministry of Public Works to draft instruction manual on road development in conservation area.
- Sustainable Coffee and Other Commodity WWF are campaigning on “Gone in an Instant” report. This report illustrates how illegally-cultivated coffee in BBS National Park is mixed with legal coffee cultivated outside of the national park, then distributed globally. To follow up this report, we facilitate Coffee and Conservation Workshop. This workshop was attended by farmers, traders, exporters, importers, coffee association, NGO, and government representatives at local and national level. The workshops initiated “Coffee and Conservation Declaration”. We are collaborating with coffee industry key players to draft a sustainable coffee production scheme and mechanism that will ensure globally-traded coffee is not cultivated from BBS National Park. We are hoping that this effort will promote farmers welfare and eventually decrease encroachment rates in the national park.
- Initiating Conservation Support Network WWF-Indonesia acknowledges that no conservation effort will succeed without supports from others. Alongside with the stakeholders in 2003, we established KKR-PSDAL (Voluntary Group for Lampung Natural Resource Management) and in 2004, initiated Working Group on Land Use and Spatial Planning. One of the forum activities is drafting local regulation on natural resource and environment management. In 2008, we initiated the establishment of Communication Forum for Lampung Forests Conservation incorporating political parties, academics, NGOs, mass organizations, and governments. Incorporating political parties and mass organizations is a new measure to avoid conflict on forest-related issues.