Bukit Tiga Puluh | WWF Indonesia

Bukit Tiga Puluh

Bukit Tiga Puluh

The Bukit Tigapuluh Forest Landscape, with nearly 508,000 hectares of contiguous dry lowland and mountain forests spread across Riau and Jambi provinces, contains some of the richest biodiversity on Earth. Bukit Tigapuluh contains one of the last large unfragmented dry lowland forests in Sumatra, which have almost “extinct” on the island. It is one of the last refuges for three of the four flagship Sumatran species (orangutans, elephants and tigers), along with at least 250 other recorded mammal and bird species. The core area with the area’s steepest slopes of about 144,000 hectares is protected as Bukit Tigapuluh National Park. The surrounding gentle slopes, ideal habitat for elephants and orangutans, remain completely unprotected.

Until 2006, this forest block was relatively free from large-scale commercial forest conversion because of its hilly terrain. However, as police cracked down on illegal logging in Riau Province, the activity shifted to Jambi Province and Bukit Tigapuluh is under threat. The landscape will soon be split into two by a massive, legally questionable logging highway connecting forest concessions associated with APP to APP’s pulp mills in Riau and Jambi provinces.

The indigenous tribes Talang Mamak and Orang Rimba (also called Kubu) live in the Bukit Tigapuluh landscape. The Talang Mamak are a sedentary tribe who live only in the Bukit Tigapuluh landscape. The Orang Rimba people are nomadic,about 3000 members of this tribe survive, mostly in Jambi.. They migrate through natural forests and depend on natural resources from the forest and river everywhere in this forest block for their existence.

The Bukit Tigapuluh landscape was designated one of just 20 “global priority” landscapes for tiger conservation by a global team of tiger scientists in 2006. It is also the site of a successful conservation project to reintroduce Sumatran orangutans, 90 of which now reside in a part of the landscape that is proposed for protected status but is already being cleared by APP-affiliated companies. Bukit Tigapuluh is the only existing wild habitat for this great ape outside the provinces of Aceh and North Sumatra.

Click here for more on the Orang Rimba story

Click here for "Orang Rimba" video by CNN.