Endangered Marine Species
Indonesia waters hold enormous economic potential through its richness in fishery and tourism, as well as home to variaty of endangered marine species such are turtles, marine mammals, sharks, coral reefs, reef fishes and other marine biota.
- Turtle Indonesia is a home to six out of seven of the world's turtle species; as it provides important nesting and foraging grounds, as well as important migration routes at the cross roads of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. However, the populations of the six species of marine turtles are listed as vulnerable, endangered or critically endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The main threats faced by marine turtles include habitat and nesting site destruction, by-catch, illegal trade and unsustainable exploitation.
- Marine Mammals Indonesian waters serve as an important migratory area for over 30 species of marine mammals, especially in the eastern parts of Indonesia. More than one third of all known whales and dolphin species (collectively called cetaceans) can be found in the Indonesian seas, including the rare and endangered Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus). The main threats to these species include by-catch, stranding, poaching, and the destruction of their marine habitat.