Wakatobi | WWF Indonesia



Wakatobi was established as National Park in 1996. The National Park includes the islands of Wangi-Wangi, Kaledupa, Tomia and Binongko and covers a total area of 1.39 million ha. In terms of diversity of marine life, scale, and reef condition, Wakatobi ranks as one of the highest priorities for marine conservation in Indonesia. It is also a logical centerpiece for a network of mutually-replenishing MPAs along the southeastern coast of Sulawesi.

Since late 2002, WWF has been collaborating in a unique partnership with The Nature Conservancy to assist the Wakatobi National Park authority to improve their management plan, zoning, and implementation of park management. This partnership will help Wakatobi National Park implement effective management strategies informed by the best science and local socio-economic realities. This will include the development of a collaborative management structure, short and long term financing plans, alternative livelihoods, and management modules such as outreach and awareness, monitoring, surveillance and park zoning.

 WWF – TNC – BTNW Joint Program Activities in 2008

  • Management & Policy Reform
  • In 2008, TNC-WWF-Wakatobi National Park Office (BTNW) joint program and the local government has effectively implemented Wakatobi NP Utilization Management program. We have continuously carried on numbers of ‘Pride Campaign’ activities, environmental education, capacity development program for local fasilitators, field supervisor and village heads eventhough we still found some threats.

    Those activities regarding management and policy reform aimed to build public awareness and participation, so they can take part in Wakatobi National Park Sustainability Acts. Moreover, governmental support for marine tourism sustainability program and fisheries also plays a great role to succeed our conservation efforts.

    Furthermore, The Joint program has also engaged many institutions stakeholders, and community organizations for a mutual partnership. It also gets significant support from Wakatobi Local Government which promotes Wakatobi as “real underwater paradise.” The whole activities in 2008 were the follow-through action of our great achievement in July 2007 (Wakatobi Zoning Reform).

    In Oktober 2008, Director of Garuda Indonesia declared his support for Wakatobi tourism Campaign and Acts. Garuda will provide flight access in Wakatobi to improve ecotourism.

  • Community Development
  • Village forums have been organized to build up village-based conservation acts.  We believe this activity will not only effectively civilize public participation but also improve their awareness to support major objectives of our conservation acts .
    Village-based conservation act has resulted in many great progress such as: policy reform (regulation on turtle sustainability, turtle eggs trading, and core zone monitoring). Moreover, workshops involving local people and key stakeholders from four islands (Wanci, Kaledupa, Tomia, Binongko) have also been organized.

  • Fisheries
  • COT phenomenon, or red snapper spawning disturbance were identified with propoer monitoring in October 2008.. TNC-WWF joint program believes that monitoring and intense reports from local people regarding marine species are great responses to conservation act in Wakatobi. SPAGs monthly monitoring activity, fish and endangered species has been done intensively.

    Along 2008, there were some news such as: spawning disturbance of red snapper as the cause of  navigation tower construction near Kaledupa Channel Hoga, interesting stories about Epinephelus fuscogutattus (Brown-marbled grouper) and Plectropomus areolatus (Squaretail coral trout) spawning progress.
    Recently, TNC-WWF joint program had delivered their supports by giving data and accurate reports regarding illegal Reef Fishing and security support to process that foul.

  • Species
  • WWF-TNC joint program believes that species monitoring in Wakatobi National Park Area is crucial. Endangered Species migration there was a hint proving the existence of sustainable marine life. Species conservation efforts, particularly turtles living in Runduma and Anano Island have been properly implemented, from its breeding season until baby turtles incubating season.

    Monitoring activities in Anano island showed progress of numbers of turtles emerging, breeding, and incubating. Until 12 Nov 2008, there had been 41 nests of turtles eggs, and 16 of them had incubated quite well (success level=85%).